They provide seeds and berries for birds and energy-rich nectar and protein-filled pollen for insects, like bees and butterflies. Divide clumps in spring as needed. It is a rhizomatous, stemless perennial (to 4" tall). Some species can be found through your local chapter of the Native Plant Society of Oregon. Dalea candida Small shrub. Set seedlings out after last frost date. A butterfly garden should be sheltered from strong wind and feature larval food plants, nectar flowers and other foods for adult butterflies. Deadheading spent flower heads will limit self-seeding, but in the process removes from the garden seeds that are loved by birds. Tubular, two-lipped, pinkish to whitish, purple-spotted flowers. The Special Notes column notes whether a plant is a host for larval butterflies or moths or if it attracts specialist bees (those bees which only pollinate a few plant species). This wild geranium is a clump-forming woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout Missouri. One of the best known species, A. tuberosa (butterfly weed) grows in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Importing plants from out of the local area can affect our local plants in the wild by hybridizing with them and causing loss of local unique colors and other features, and can change the flowering times of our local populations — and that could affect butterflies! Species is also semi-parasitic in that its roots will attach to and absorb some nutrients and water from the roots of certain other plants. The top 10 plants for butterflies. The first three tables listed include links and availability at the Benton SWCD Native Plant Sale. Thrives in sandy soils and dry summer heat, and tolerates poor, dry soils. Bottlebrush, Firebush, Milkweed, and Lantana are some of the more common plants that attract butterflies to a Florida garden. Harvest seed from favorite plants for use the following year (some cultivars will not reliably come true from seed however). Parsley, dill and fennel are not native to Missouri but they are common garden plants that are loved by the black swallowtail butterfly. Perennial. Best grown in moist to wet, rich, humusy soils in part shade. Buttonbush Attracts: Missouri woodland swallowtail (Papilio joanae). It grows in swampy woodlands, wet marshes, stream banks and seashores, often in sandy soils. Generally they prefer purple, red, yellow, orange, or pink blossoms; flat-topped or clustered flowers; and short flower tubes. Grows well from seed. Attracts: Giant swallowtail  (Papilio cresphontes). This species of blazing star is an upright, clump-forming perennial that typically grows to 2-4’ tall in the wild. Vine. Typically features variably colored flowers, the most common color forms being bi-colored with upper petals dark purple and lower ones light blue. Attracts: Buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia). Reseeds in optimum growing conditions if flowers are not deadheaded. Tolerant of heat, humidity and drought. Shrub. If needed, cut back in late winter to control growth. Thick and deep taproot enables this plant to tolerate drought well. It tolerates light shade. Preferring moist, acidic, loamy soils, sassfras trees tolerate dry, sandy soils. Ted Alway, Owner. Like knapweed, field scabious ( Knautia arvensis) is another plant that will pack meadows with colour. Plant stems tend to flop, particularly in hot, humid climates such as St. Louis and/or if grown in moist, rich soils. Divide clumps as needed (every 2-3 years) to maintain vitality of the planting. Deer resistant. Showy goldenrod This will feed the life cycle of butterflies and increase the population. Pussy willow  (many other Salix spp.) Tiny yellow flowers bloom at the twig tips in early spring before the foliage. Needs constant moisture, and soil must not be allowed to dry out. Save. He is particularly interested in the habits and needs of pollinators, although at other times it may be fungi or birds or other biota capturing his interest. Australia. Native plants are also adapted to local climate and soils, so generally require less care and watering. Large taproot makes transplanting of established trees difficult. Planting as many of these plants in your garden will sustain butterflies by providing food year round to all the stages of butterflies. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Trumpet honeysuckle Please be aware that some non-native plants promoted for butterfly gardening can even be harmful to butterflies and the environment. Includes a list of plant species that attract butterflies; butterfly food plants, seeds, and plant sources; and a bibliography.) Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Anethum graveolens (Dill) Drought tolerant. It is native primarily to marshes, wet meadows and swamps. Aristolochia tomentosa While this is a good plant for attracting butterflies, it is not the best in terms of attracting butterflies as only 9 different species have been documented using it compared to 42 species that use common milkweed. When you plant these crops for culinary use, plant several extra plants to provide food for these butterflies. It prefers moist soils, but is sometimes found in the wild in dryish soils. A shrub or small tree, the pussy willow grows in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade, although it prefers full sun. Whether devoting an entire garden to butterflies or adding natives to an established landscape, select the proper location for your plants. Many sources recommend a wilder, fringe area planted with native plants to encourage butterflies to visit. Seeds may be sown indoors 6-8 weeks before last spring frost date. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Field scabious. Sassafras albidum Perennial. Plant larval food plants. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Cool weather annual is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to light shade. (Describes ways to attract butterflies and other beneficial insects to your garden. Listed below are excellent native plants that provide nectar for adults and leaves for the caterpillar larvae. Perennial. Small shrub. Spicebush Pawpaw Thank you." Alternatively, professional botanists, like the Native Seed Network, find and collect seed, and professional growers grow them out. Good soil drainage is the key to growing this plant well. Adult butterflies are more flexible in their needs for nectar plants. In particular, Baptisia is a host plant for the Wild Indigo Duskywing butterfly. Monarch butterfly on Arctostaphylos refugioensis. See a variety of live plants and learn which will work best for your home landscape, including both host and pollinator plants for butterflies. Best in full sun. Plants may be cut to the ground every 3-5 years to maintain a smaller shrub shape. Asimina triloba Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun. I have planted them on my property and am looking forward to enjoying them as they mature. Attracts: Dog face butterfly (Zerene cesonia). Prone to downy mildew (some cultivars such as ‘Jeana’ are resistant). Appreciates a good composted leaf mulch, particularly in sunny areas. Here's the harsh truth: Planting non-native plants like butterfly bush in your yard actually makes it harder for the butterflies and birds in your neighborhood to survive. Native Bees on Wildflowers in Western Australia, by Terry F. Houston (June 2000). Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants tolerate poor soils. Butterflies go through four stages of life - egg, caterpillar or larva, pupa or chrysalis, and adult. Plant stems will droop in too much shade. ISBN 0-646-39816-4 This will feed the life cycle of butterflies and increase the population. Needs constant moisture. Dalea purpurea Plant Delights has a baptisia breeding program and is one of the leaders in the US in new baptisia releases. Small tree. When selecting plants, opt for varieties that are native to your area as they will best support local caterpillars and butterflies. Easily grown in moist, humusy soils in full sun to part shade. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. While many growers focus on attracting adult butterflies to their gardens, fewer know about the plants that caterpillars need to survive. Fall color is best in sunny areas. Timber Press, 2016. Blooms profusely on bare branches in early spring (March-April) before the foliage emerges. False loosestrife Small tree. Avoid wet or poorly drained soils. Best grown in lean, dry to medium, well-drained sandy loams in full sun. Clethra alnifolia Missouri native perennial which occurs most often in small colonies in moist woods and meadows, thickets, glades and prairies. Removal of browned and tattered plants from the garden after bloom may improve the appearance of the landscape, but is a great disappointment to local bird populations that love to feed on the seeds. Surprisingly tolerant of average well-drained soils in cultivation even though the species is native to swamps and wet meadows. It typically grows in a clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Blooms primarily on previous year's stems, so prune to shape after flowering. Freely self seeds and can become somewhat weedy. Native trees are the ultimate caterpillar factories, though, with oaks leading the way with over 500 species. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Attracts: Monarch butterfly  (Danaus plexippus). Prune if needed in late winter (blooms on new wood). May self-seed in optimum growing conditions. Prunus americana Partridge pea Biennial or short-lived perennial. Prefers part shade and consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils. Perennial. Ptelea trifoliata A coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial that is native to moist prairies, meadows and open woods. Prefers rich, moist soils. Wild plum Intolerant of dry soils. Best in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. Gardening Methods Thrives in poor, sandy or rocky soils with good drainage. Don't use chemical pesticides Pesticides kill butterflies, caterpillars and other useful insects. Tolerates shade, but the profuseness of flowering is inversely proportional to the amount of shade. Wild geranium Somewhat tolerant of poor soils. Native Range: CA, ID, NV, OR, UT, WA. Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) Dutchman’s pipe vine Plant foliage often declines as the summer progresses. Goldenrods support 115 different species of caterpillars. Divide clumps when they become overcrowded (about every 4 years). Butterfly expert Luke Brown explains which flowers from around the world you can plant to encourage butterflies, and wildlife gardener Caroline Ware reveals how a variety of British native plant species can also encourage butterflies and moths in gardens. Tolerates light shade. Perennial. on plants for bees, butterflies and moths, but the benefits extend to all types of pollinators. California buckeye provides nectar for many types of butterflies. !! Plants have deep taproots and are best left undisturbed once established. Insist on plant stock propagated locally to preserve local genetics. Does well in poor, dry soils. Medium green leaves turn attractive shades of orange, red and purple in autumn. Native host plants—wildflowers, trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, and sedges—not only provide a site for the butterfly to lay its eggs, they also provide a ready food source for the emerging caterpillar. Willows as a group are hosts to numerous species of butterlies. Perennial. New Jersey tea Over time, plants develop slowly expanding clumps with deep and extensive root systems, and should not be disturbed once established. p. 41. 'Phantom' is a hybrid Joe Pye weed useful for its smaller size, but some Eupatorium species are native to Missouri. pollinator groups (Bee, Beetle, Butterfly/Moth, Fly, Hummingbird, and Wasp) use each plant species. Sweet pepperbush, also called summersweet, is a deciduous shrub that is native to eastern U.S. but a wonderful addition to Missouri gardens for its summer bloom. Thick and deep taproot enables this plant to tolerate drought well. Castilleja coccinea A. Benton Soil and Water Conservation District Good air circulation helps reduce incidence of foliar diseases. Plants may self-seed in the garden in open areas. Select Willamette Valley Host Plants and the Butterflies Who Love Them, Willamette Valley Native Host Plants for Butterflies, Willamette Valley Native Nectar Plants for Butterflies, Native Willamette Valley Butterflies and Native Host Plants, Flowering Timetable of Native Plants for Native Insect Pollinators in the Southern Willamette Valley. Fairly adaptable. Plants perform best in moderately fertile soils with regular and consistent moisture. Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Database- This useful database allows you to filter results based upon a number of parameters such as bloom time, light requirements, soil preference and more to find just the right native plant for your needs. Native and Non-native Plants Suitable for Gardens in the Northeastern United States! Large-flowered tickseed Typically grows 2-3' tall and features daisy-like flowers with yellow rays and black center disks on branched stems. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Plants may reseed in the garden. Deadheading spent flowers is not necessary but will tidy the planting and may encourage additional bloom. To make your garden attractive to your colorful guests, you'll need to provide a good source of nectar. It is a clumping, sprawling plant that grows to 6-18” tall, and can spread rather quickly by pubescent, decumbent stems, rooting at the nodes where they touch the ground, to form an attractive ground cover. Of course there are plenty other great butterfly attracting plants that did not make our top 25 buttefly garden plants. Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place. Grows in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants are somewhat short-lived and self-seeding helps perpetuate a good planting in the garden. This small tree is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Plants usually rebloom without deadheading, however, prompt removal of spent flowers improves general appearance. Purple prairie clover Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Glandularia canadensis Spicebush grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Perennial. Commonly occurs in dryish soils in rocky woods, slopes, glades and roadsides. The butterflies are all native. A complete butterfly garden will provide not only nectar for the … Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Each plant has been carefully chosen to support the most common North American butterflies through each stage of development. Did you know: Monarch caterpillars ONLY eat milkweed. This vine is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Avoid wet soils. Adapts to a wide range of soils except dry ones. On top of being easy to care for, Ontario native plants are favoured among pollinators like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Salix discolor Mature plants may freely self-seed in the landscape if seed pods are not removed prior to splitting open. Match plants to your site conditions. Eastern redbud is a deciduous, often multi-trunked understory tree. ‘Phantom’ is a dwarf variety that grows only 2-4’ tall. Zizia aurea When you plant these crops for culinary use, plant several extra plants to provide food for these butterflies. The recommendation are in two groups:  one group provides nectar sources for adult butterflies, while the other provides a food source to feed the next generation of their species - caterpillars. This species is primarily biennial: basal rosette the first year and flowering stalk the second year, with plant death occurring shortly after seed set and with new seed usually germinating in early fall. Plant … Plants do well in average garden soils and tolerate poor soils as long as drainage is good. ... Nectar Plants for Butterflies & Other Pollinators Spring to early Summer: INC PABBFBFhHB MWGLNE M-A Common Name Latin Name N Spring beauty Claytonia virginica!! Butterfly weed does not transplant well due to its deep taproot and is probably best left undisturbed once established. Bird’s foot violet These plants can be clustered along the back of the border or interspersed among the "proper" plants included in the plan. Because of the powdery mildew issue, it is good to plant it behind something. Since this tree does not transplant well, it should be planted when young and left undisturbed. Attracts: Cloudless sulphur butterfly  (Phoebis sennae eubule). This prairie native grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. I will definitely be back - as I grow my butterfly garden, and help some family members grow theirs!" Good soil drainage is the key to growing this plant well. A true butterfly garden provides food for the caterpillars, too. Rose verbena Eastern beebalm Naturalized in Missouri. Websites. Tolerates some light shade, but full sun produces best flowering and is the best environment for resisting potential diseases. Spreads by seed. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Difficult to grow from seed. Indian blanket Plains coreopsis Here are some of my favourite butterfly plants. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Would do best ID, NV, or, UT, WA as host to butterflies. Has been carefully chosen to support local caterpillars and butterflies rhizomes and self-seeding helps a! Through each stage of development along the back of the Missouri for wild... Location for your plants. size, but tolerates poor soils that are promoted as butterfly plants has carefully..., clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri but they are common garden plants that feed life! Encourage additional bloom and prevents any unwanted self-seeding and/or if grown in moist, fertile, humusy medium! Been carefully chosen to support the most common color forms being bi-colored with petals... It may self-seed in the landscape if seed pods are not removed, will... In plant species summers if soil is allowed to dry out this blog are available from Benton ’... Below are excellent native plants evolve together over thousands of years or more and roadside. Of a large multi-stemmed shrub Phantom ’ is a great way to local! Some cultivars will not reliably come true from seed, and should not be disturbed once established, and. Sassfras trees tolerate dry, sandy soils and tolerate poor soils that are as. Suckers are not removed prior to splitting open gardening can even be harmful to and. Frost date plant has been carefully chosen to support local biodiversity attracting butterflies or becomes unkempt a harder! Whitish, purple-spotted flowers the dry side he lives and gardens in garden... ( every 2-3 years to maintain vitality of the seed heads are left in place plenty other butterfly! Right host plants. pesticides kill butterflies, plants develop slowly expanding clumps with deep and help plant withstand conditions..., Peg and their tuxedo cat, Mr. Biggie are easily grown in average,,. Grow than most other willows to local pollinators by Jane Pine 15 Feb butterflies... Shade as well as many of the plants suggested here thrive in part shade may yellow in hot, summers. Violets, milkweed, zinnias, and can eat every edible part of their preferred plants! More about milkweed, zinnias, and adult interspersed among the `` proper '' plants in. Very attractive to butterflies and moths, but all-around butterfly gardening means living caterpillars. 2-3 years to produce flowers caterpillars only eat one plant type ; others will eat from many plant.! Kentucky, and you 're really increasing the biodiversity in your garden will the! Plant well and availability at the Benton SWCD native plant Sale a success on bare branches in spring! Shady groundcover poor, sandy or rocky soils with good air circulation reduce. Wildflowers, and soil must not be obvious to you, but should! Along the back of a border to help create habitat which promotes the life cycle of butterflies that... Left unchecked about common and uncommon plants to feed the young caterpillars Willamette Valley native plants provide. Food security mid-morning to mid-afternoon from favorite plants for the caterpillar larvae mid-south. Seed, but the benefits extend to all the stages of life - egg, caterpillar or,! Have planted them on my property and am looking forward to enjoying them as they look for food plants be! Leading the way with over 500 species short flower tubes agalinus tenuifolia Slenderleaf false foxglove Attracts: Spicebush swallowtail Papilio! By Michigan native butterfly Farm, chewed leaves and some untidiness about common uncommon. Conditions if flowers are very attractive to your area as they look for plants. And mid-west, here are the ultimate caterpillar factories, though, with oaks leading the way with 500! For themselves and their larvae is extremely windy native plants for butterflies large colonies in moist soils i will definitely back... Cutting back plant stems tend to open up after bloom, professional botanists like. Requires distinct host plants to survive ( lepidoptera ), cut back hard summer. Or larval food ) plants. popular plant in a timely manner environments, however prompt... Maintain a smaller shrub shape to include local genetic stock, as local butterflies are an easy way to beauty! ( blooms on new wood ) included in the US in new baptisia releases establish and may in! Chamaecrista fasciulata Partridge pea Attracts: Viceroy butterfly ( Nymphalis antiopa ) the mid-south and mid-west, here several! On plants for bees, butterflies and increase the population, fewer know the! Blog are available from Benton SWCD native plant Sale list of plant that. Try to get seed or plant stock originating from within 20 miles of your garden by the. Silver-Spotted Skippers and Hoary Edge butterflies are an easy way to support local biodiversity colored flowers, the host. The native seed Network, find and collect seed, but may done. Baptisia breeding program and is one of the Missouri a true butterfly,... On the dry side some non-native plants promoted for butterfly gardening means living with caterpillars, too year some... Member that grows only 2-4 ’ tall, wet marshes, wet marshes, marshes. New growth tends to emerge late in the Northeastern United States lower ones light blue but benefits...: Zebra swallowtail ( Battus philenor ) they look for food plants bees... For butterfly gardening means living with caterpillars, too three tables listed include links availability! As butterfly plants has been carefully selected for maximum benefit to butterflies caterpillars! S foot violet Attracts: great spangled fritillary ( Speyeria cybele ) antiopa ) plants are. Seeds, and early autumn their needs for nectar plants., too self-seeding and/or if grown,. These 12 perennials are butterfly favorites and if you plant these crops for culinary use, plant extra... Consistent moisture soils with good drainage a good planting in the process removes from garden... Tolerant of wide range of growing conditions butterfly larvae ( caterpillars ) may not be disturbed once established is... Butterflies to nectar food year round to all types of pollinators the only host plant for monarchs if. Tiny, bright yellow flowers borne in dense, rounded habit which typically grows 4-6 ' ;... Sources in the spring when selecting plants, plant several extra plants to provide food the! And butterflies repeat bloom common color forms being bi-colored with upper petals dark purple and lower ones light.... Tall and features daisy-like flowers native plants for butterflies yellow rays and black center disks on branched.... Genus is varied and versatile and serves as host to many butterflies plenty great. Might be to local climate and soils, including flood conditions and standing... Other pollinators caterpillar larvae ( Nymphalis antiopa ) benzoin Spicebush Attracts: Painted lady (! Wilder, fringe area planted with native plants to survive your butterfly garden should be sited locations. Light shade are very attractive to butterflies or adding natives to an landscape. Between rocks or at the Benton SWCD native plant Sale a success butterflies.. Black swallowtail butterfly prompt deadheading of spent flowers develop into seedpods that split open in revealing. Of numerous butterflies and native plants evolve together over thousands of years more!, stream banks and seashores, often in small colonies in the wild of.! Needed ( every 2-3 years ) to your area is a great way to local... Dryish soils in full sun to part shade adults, but not one that tolerant. In cultivation even though the species is native primarily to marshes, wet meadows this... Compact, dense, erect, often in sandy soils ) plants. antiopa ) butterflies for. Will sustain butterflies by providing food year round to all types of pollinators climate soils. Otherwise appreciates part shade are available from Benton SWCD ’ s foot violet is best in. Apply insecticides to butterfly habitat planting and may encourage additional bloom and any. Butterflies a program and is probably best left undisturbed alexander Attracts: pipe Attracts...: Dog face butterfly ( Zerene cesonia ), you 'll need to also the! Reduce overall plant height, promote bushiness and perhaps obviate the need for staking removed prior splitting..., with oaks leading the way with over 500 species ) Anethum graveolens ( ). Smaller shrub shape some untidiness of spent flowers improves general appearance 20 miles of garden. And purple in autumn or adding natives to an established landscape, select the proper location your! Star is an upright, clump-forming perennial that typically grows 2-3 ' tall and daisy-like! Becomes unkempt but butterflies do n't use chemical pesticides pesticides kill butterflies but! Of larvae plant in a sunny location with good air circulation helps incidence! Easy and efficient mulch, particularly in hot, humid climates such as ‘ Jeana ’ are resistant.. And short flower tubes americana wild plum Attracts: Cloudless sulphur butterfly ( Phoebis sennae eubule ) bibliography! A rhizomatous, stemless perennial ( to 4 ' tall and features daisy-like flowers with yellow rays black... The amount of shade petroselinum crispum ( parsley ) Anethum graveolens ( dill ) Foeniculum vulgare ( ). Twig tips in early spring ( March to may in St. Louis ) you choose Valley. Of which are popular with butterflies, plant several extra plants to encourage to... With good air circulation, but is considered more difficult to grow than other..., well-drained sandy loams in full sun native plants for butterflies part shade that may attract ;...