Basically, the laws implemented Jan. 1st, 2014 require plumbing products that come in contact with drinking water to be "essentially lead free" (less than 0.25% weighted average). There are five types of shapes: straight and L-type elbows, T-type, Y-type, and flange. Coupling & Adapter Fittings – Pipe couplers slip over the outside of two pipes to connect them, usually permanently. There are some exceptions and items to note: Tip: PVC should be used only for cold water applications because high temperatures can cause it to warp. First, drain water is trapped in the arc to create a barrier that prevents sewer gases from rising into the home. To connect tubes, pipes, hoses, valves, and other elements, almost every hydraulic system needs the use of fittings. It can be easily removed by loosening the ring to disconnect the pipes, while a coupling must to be cut out to disconnect. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. The fittings that may be found within a camper's propane setup are Type 1, or ACME, fittings, POL fittings, Disposable Cylinder Port fittings, Inverted Flare fittings, National Pipe Thread fittings, Quick-Disconnect fittings, and Flare fittings. Changes the size of the pipe such as reducers, reducing tees. The diagram to the right illustrates the two most common types of fittings used in a typical Street Rod brake system. PEX fittings form mechanical unions; they are not solvent-glued in the same manner as is used for CPVC and other plastic plumbing pipes. In general, use PVC fittings for PVC pipe, copper fittings for copper pipe and so on. Some fittings also have an "FTG" end - this sizing matches that of the pipe, meaning that end can be connected directly into another fitting (just as a pipe would), but not over that size pipe. Slip fittings are used with plastic piping - ABS, CPVC, and PVC. What does that have to do with plumbing products and how does the new lead-free legislation affect me?" Compression fittings are one of the quickest and easiest ways to join two lines. A socket is a fitting that simply goes over the end of a pipe. Flange Fittings – A flange is a flat, round fitting that creates a tight seal with bolts or clamps. Three styles are available for the body, including several NPT thread sizes for tapped holes, a self-threading style, and … Seemingly arbitrary units are the norm; what does "nominal" refer to, anyway? The ease of manufacture of Triple Fitting provided additio… The materials vary and the specific purpose, although precise, seems daunting to figure out. The 3-way corner fitting splits pipe into three directions and is designed for use in corners. Standard compression fittings- use metal gaskets, rings, or ferrules that form a c… If such activity is expected, soldering is recommended. Flare connections are used when water pressure is high, or for gas distribution: applications with higher pressures than a compression fitting could handle. Use The Home Depot app to locate products and check inventory. Below we’ve compiled a hydraulic hose fittings chart describing some of the more common fitting sizes and types currently in use by pipefitters and other professionals. 1. There are a number of connection types and standards, and many of them don't make much sense; shouldn't something that measures 1/2 inch be referred to - in physical reality - as being 1/2 inch? Bulkhead fittings are designed to be mounted in a wall or bulkhead to allow tube connections on either side of a barrier. Different types of plumbing fittings come in the same material as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, brass or galvanized. Types L and Type K are thicker and used in outdoor and drain applications. There are some exceptions and items to note: PEX fittings can be found made with either metal or plastic and are used for PEX pipes. Our SAE and metric brass fittings are designed around strict quality standards. Parallel-threaded fittings appear in devices used on tubing such as flare fittings or compression fittings. Below is our extensive PVC pipe fittings guide with a series of diagrams and dimension charts. Parker actually pioneered the flare fitting technology in the 1920's with the introduction of the inverted flare fitting followed by the Parker Triple Fitting in early 1930's. This guide describes pipe fittings used for plumbing systems, but what is pipe fitting? The most common flange for DIY plumbers is the closet flange, or toilet flange. The other end typically utilizes an IPS (MIPS or FIPS), GHT or slip connection. 1. An elbow … Flare fittings: Used for high water pressure and gas applications, a flare nut and the cone-shaped fitting connect the pipe and fitting after the pipe has been “flared” with a special tool. Connection methods include: Push to connect fittings: Push-to-connect fittings (sometimes called push-to-fit or click-to-connect) fittings make installation quick and easy for DIY plumbing projects. Barbs are easy to install, but cap nuts are a less risky water leak. They are joined together using a primer that cleans and pre-softens the plastic, and a glue that binds pipe and fitting together, making one piece out of two. This is interchangeable with IPS - Iron Pipe Size - which you'll see a lot of on our site. Pipefitters and plumbers share many of the same skills but pipefitting and plumbing different trades. 4. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. Ready to find the supplies you need in your local store? Fittings fit, it's true. We'll take you to the exact aisle and bay. Pipes and fittings that are female treaded have threading on the inside of the fitting and fit around male connections, which have thread on the outside. There are different types of pipe fitting used in piping. However, you'll need to take care not to unscrew the other end of the pipe as you're tightening the fitting on this end. By itself, aluminum has low tensile strength and is used when high corros… When you see MIPS or FIPS, this just refers to male or female iron pipe size.Threaded fittings are fairly self-explanatory - simply twist the fitting onto your pipe. It uses a 45* double flare to seal, which has tubing that is folded over into itself before flaring outward. Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. As the operating pressures increased, inverted flare did not perform as well as the Triple Fitting, and its use started declining. Fortunately, there are many different types of PVC pipe fittings so that you can run pipe in pretty much any configuration. Compression fittings: These fittings have a threaded body, nut and a sleeve called a “ferrule”  to use compression and squeeze pieces of pipe together for a tight joint. The straight-through (H1) styles are cheaper and preferable to the other styles except in cases where there is insufficient clearance to attach the hydraulic coupler, where another style would be used. Considering a bottle with a twist-off lid, the bottle has male threads and the lid is female. Clamp fittings: A clamp is tightened around the pipe after the fitting has been inserted. A cross fitting has openings on all four of its ends and can connect four pipes. Joints or elbows are commonly used, as well as tee and cross fittings. Push-to-fit fittings typically use CTS sizing. The Premier Online Plumbing Supplier Since 1995, Same day shipping for in-stock orders processed by 7pm EST M-F. OR - find plumbing supplies starting with: Purchase chrome-plated brass IPS fittings, Purchase flux and solder - 2014 Federal Safe Drinking Water Act compliant. PVC fittings, when threaded, also use this thread type. Nipple Fittings – Nipples are short sections of pipe that are male-threaded at each end and used for connecting two female-threaded pipe ends or fittings. They are used when pipes pass through walls, ceilings and floors. All Rights Reserved. Push-fit fittings are available in various materials for different kinds of applications. Conduit fittings, also called electrical fittings, are used to connect runs of conduit together or to connect conduit to electrical devices.The types of fittings you use will depend on whether you’re using metallic or non-metallic conduit, the types of connections you need to … This Home Depot guide will help you learn how different types of pipe fittings are used in plumbing systems, how they are connected and what materials they are made from. Trap Fittings – Traps are the horizontal dips or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks. Sockets and spigots are both slip fitting end types, but the term "slip" usually refers to sockets. When pipe is measured using IPS dimensions, the corresponding fitting size matches the IPS measurement: a 3/4" pipe will take a 3/4" IPS fitting. There are … 3. Alas, plumbing is its own game with its own rules, which extend to measurements and dimensions. The barbed end of the fitting is pushed into the hose, and a clamp tightened around it to secure a seal. These are used to combine, divert or reduce the flow of the water supply, and they come in a variety of sizes to fit the pipe they will connect. Be aware that Sharkbite fittings require a particular insert depth depending on the size fitting being used (this can be done manually, or using a special "Depth Deburr Gauge". Barbed fittings are used to connect flexible tubing (including garden hoses) to metal or plastic piping. Tee & Wye Fittings – Tees and wyes are used to connect three pieces of pipe. This fitting usually reduces the size of the flow by making it smaller. Snap a picture of an item you like and we'll show you similar products. These connections are typically used on hard copper pipe and soft tubing that has a 3/8" or smaller outside diameter (like faucets and icemakers). Crimp style fittings are the most common and affordable type of PEX fittings and can be found in majority of supply houses, home improvement stores and online stores. , usually permanently to a cap way, all tube, valve, and require the use this! Connect the pipe such as elbows, also use this thread type aisle and bay provide for. On a 1 '' pipe, seems daunting to figure out larger diameter of the fitting is a,! Or slip connection of use service load, shock, or toilet flange a sleeve a. 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